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Prehistoric Sites in England

Prehistoric Sites in Wales

South Dartmoor in 3-D Stereo


Prehistoric Sites in Scotland:

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Prehistoric Sites in

SCOTLAND

 by Martin J. Powell

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There are many hundreds of prehistoric monuments scattered around the Scottish mainland and its many islands. The following gallery features a selection of sites which are located in the South-western region of the country.

Click on a thumbnail to see a full-size picture. The Ordnance Survey Map links (O.S. Map) point to the 1:25,000 scale map of the region (equivalent to the O. S. Pathfinder Series of printed maps), as displayed at Streetmap.co.uk.

Temple Wood

Stone Circle & Cist

County: Argyll (Strathclyde)

Ordnance Survey Grid Ref: NR 826 978

O.S. Map (Streetmap)

Photo Size: 131 KB / Date: June 1990

Temple Wood stone circle and cist, Mid Argyll, photographed in June 1990 (131 KB)A short distance East of Slockavullin is a circle of thirteen stones, some 42 ft (13 m) in diameter, surrounding a cairn with a stone cist (161 KB) at its centre. Several burials were found, concealed beneath the cairn material, during excavation in 1930.

The cist is orientated ca. 33 degrees towards an upright stone which has a double concentric circle carving on its outer face. Another stone at the North of the circle is decorated with a spiral motif.

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Glenquicken North

Stone Circle

County: Kirkcudbrightshire (Dumfries & Galloway)

O.S. Grid Ref: NX 509 582

O.S. Map (Streetmap)

Satellite Photo (Google Maps)

Photo Size: 92 KB / Date: June 1990

Glenquickan stone circle, Kirkcudbrightshire, photographed in June 1990 (92 KB)This circle is 49 ft (15 m) in diameter and stands in open moorland 2 miles (3.3 km) East of Creetown. At the centre of the circle is a monolith which is 6 ft (1.8 m) in height.

The noted archaeoastronomer Professor Alexander Thom proposed that the line between this and a now destroyed circle nearby was aligned upon the rising of the star Antares in 1860 BC.

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Nether Largie South

Chambered Cairn

County: Argyll (Strathclyde)

O.S. Grid Ref: NR 828 979

O.S. Map (Streetmap)

Photo Size: 89 KB / Date: June 1990

Nether Largie South chambered cairn, Mid Argyll, photographed in June 1990 (89 KB)Considered to be the oldest of a line of sites in the Kilmartin Valley, this tomb dates from the British Neolithic period (ca. 4400 - 2500 BC). The chamber is divided into four compartments and is orientated  NNE-SSW. Cremations and pottery were found in the chamber during excavation in 1864.

Situated some 1900 ft (580 m) to the NNE, beyond the central cairn of the group, is the Nether Largie North Cairn (NR 831 984). It is 69 ft (21 m) in diameter and 10 ft (3 m) high. The rectangular central chamber (61 KB) can be accessed via a roof hatch. The underside of the capstone - now placed upright for public display - is decorated with around forty cupmarks. One of the end slabs also has two axe-head carvings.

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Kilneuair Church

(St. Columba's Chapel)

Disused Medieval Church

County: Argyll (Strathclyde)

O.S. Grid Ref: NM 889 037

O.S. Map (Streetmap)

Photo Size: 105 KB / Date: June 1990

Kilneuair Church (St Columba's Chapel), Argyll, photographed in June 1990 (105 KB)This is a ruinous 15th-century church located on a forest-covered hillside beside Loch Awe.

One of the stones built into the church has a hand-carving of Neolithic type (see also Barrnakill Hands on Page 1) but the stone could not be located during the writer's visit. A photograph of the carving can be seen on the British Rock Art Collection's website.

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Fowlis Wester West

Stone Circle

County: Perthshire (Tayside)

O.S. Grid Ref: NN 923 249

O.S. Map (Streetmap)

Photo Size: 92 KB / Date: June 1990

Fowlis Wester Western stone circle, Perthshire, photographed in June 1990 (92 KB)Slightly larger than its counterpart some 62 ft (19 m) to the East (see Page 1) this circle is elliptical in shape with its axis orientated towards the North-west. Alexander Thom suggested that it was orientated towards the most northerly position of the setting Moon, and that the line between the two circles indicated the equinoxes.

The site was excavated in 1939, when a cremation and scatters of quartz pebbles were found.

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Crarae

Chambered Long Cairn

County: Argyllshire (Strathclyde)

O.S. Grid Ref: NR 985 973

O.S. Map (Streetmap)

Photo Size: 96 KB / Date: June 1990

Crarae chambered long cairn, Argyllshire, photographed in June 1990 (96 KB)Located in Crarae Forest Garden on the northern shore of Loch Fyne, this is a ruinous trapezoid cairn of the Clyde group. It has a three-compartment chamber, a large post and panel type fašade and a paved forecourt. The chamber is 13 ft (4.1 m) long by 5 ft (1.6 m) wide and the entrance faces towards the ENE.

During excavation in 1963, some 5,000 seashell remains were found in the chamber, representing fifteen different species. All had been eaten.

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Prehistoric Sites in Scotland:

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Page 2

Prehistoric Scotland, Page 2 (Full Desktop Site)


Prehistoric Sites in England

Prehistoric Sites in Wales

South Dartmoor in 3D Stereo

Loch Finlaggan, Islay, Scotland

Archaeoastronomy in South Wales


Copyright  Martin J Powell  2001 - 2015


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